Which Orange Pi to choose in 2020 ? Allwinner H2, H3, H6, RK3399

Which Orange Pi to choose in 2020 ? Allwinner H2, H3, H6, RK3399. A selection of the best models in 2020.

Allwinner H2 : Orange Pi Zero LTS 256MB

CPU H2 Quad-core Cortex-A7 H.265/HEVC 1080P
GPU Mali400MP2 GPU @600MHz
Supports OpenGL ES 2.0
Memory (SDRAM) 256MB/512MB DDR3 SDRAM(Share with GPU)(256MB version is Standard version)
Onboard Storage TF card (Max. 32GB)/ 2MB SPI Flash
Onboard Network 10/100M Ethernet RJ45

POE is default off

Onboard WIFI XR819, IEEE 802.11 b/g/n
Audio Input MIC(via 13 pins external board )
Video Outputs AV OUT(via 13 pins external board)
Power Source USB OTG can supply power
USB 2.0 Ports Only One USB 2.0 HOST, one USB 2.0 OTG
Low-level peripherals 26 Pins Header

13 Pins Header, with 2x USB, IR pin, AUDIO(MIC, AV)


LED Power led & Status led
Supported OS Android, Lubuntu, Debian
Size 48 mm × 46mm
Weight 26g

Allwinner H2+ : Orange Pi Zero 256 or 512MB

Allwinner H3 : Orange Pi PC

Allwinner H6 : Orange Pi 3, up to 2GB (4 versions)

General specifications of the 4 versions

CPU H6 Quad-core 64-bit 1.8GHZ ARM Cortex A53
GPU • Mali T720 multi-core
• OpenGL ES3.1/3.0/2.0/1.1
• Microsoft DirectX 11 FL9_3
• ASTC(Adaptive Scalable Texture Compression)
• Floating point operation greater than 70 GFLOPS
Memory+Onboard Storage 1GB LPDDR3 (shared with GPU)+EMMC(Default Empty)
2GB LPDDR3(shared with GPU)+EMMC(Default Empty)
1GB LPDDR3 (shared with GPU)+8GB EMMC Flash
2GB LPDDR3(shared with GPU)+8GB EMMC Flash
WiFi AP6256, IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac
Bluetooth 5.0
Onboard Network 10/100M/1000M , ethernet RJ45
Network Chip RTL8211
Audio Input MIC
Audio Output HDMI 2.0a and 3.5 mm AV Jack
Video Output HDMI 2.0a and CVBS
Video Decoding • H265/HEVC Main/Main10 profile@Level5.2 High-tier ;4K@60fps, up to 6Kx4K@30fps
• H264/AVC BP/MP/HP@level5.1, MVC, 4K@30fps
• VP9,Profile 0/2, 4K@30fps
• AVS+/AVS JIZHUN profile@level 6.0, 1080P@60fps
PCIE • Supports RC mode
• Supports x1 Gen2(5.0Gbps) lane
• Complies with PCI Express Base 2.0 Specification
Power Source DC input,MicroUSB (OTG)
USB 2.0 Ports 1*USB 2.0 Host, 1*USB OTG 2.0
USB 3.0 Ports 4*USB 3.0 Host
Low-level peripherals 26 Pin
GPIO(1×3) pin UART, ground.
LED Power LED、Status LED and USB3.0 LED
Key Power(SW4)
Supported OS Android7.0, Ubuntu, Debian, Armbian
Size 90mm*64mm
Weight 75g

Allwinner H6 specifications

  • CPU –  Quad-core ARM Cortex A53 with NEON, hardware Java acceleration, and FPU
  • 3D GPU – Dual shader ARM Mali-T720 with support for OpenGL ES3.1/3.0/2.0/1.1, OpenCL 1.1/RenderScript, Microsoft DirectX 11 FL9_3
  • Memory I/F – DDR4/DDR3/DDR3L interface
  • Storage I/F – 1x eMMC 5.0 flash interface, 1x NAND Flash interface for SLC/MLC/TLC flash memory with up to 80-bit error-correcting code (ECC), 1x SPI NOR Flash interface, 1x SD Card 2.0
  • Multimedia via Allwinner Phoenix 3.0 VE Engine
    • Video Decoder
      • H265/HEVC Main/Main10 profile@Level5.1 High-tier ;4K@60fps, up to 6Kx4K@30fps
      • H264/AVC BP/MP/HP@level5.1, MVC, 4K@30fps
      • VP9,Profile 0/2, 4K@60fps
      • VP6/VP8, 1080P@60fps
      • MPEG1/MPEG2 SP@ML, MP@HL, 1080P@60fps
      • MPEG4 SP@level 0~3, ASP@level 0~5, GMC, short header format, 1080P@60fps
      • AVS+/AVS JIZHUN profile@level 6.0, 1080P@60fps
      • VC-1 SP@ML, MP@HL, AP@level 0~3, 1080P@60fps
      • Supports Frame Buffer Compression(FBC)
      • Output pixel format configurable,YUV420/YV12/NV12
    • JPEG hardware decoder up to 65536 x 65536 resolution
    • Video and Image Encoder
      • H264 BP/MP/HP@level 4.2 video encoding,up to 4K@30fps
      • MJPEG video encoding,up to 4K@30fps
      • JPEG image encoding- maximum resolution up to 8Kx8K
      • Supports 1x1080P@60fps/2x1080P@30fps/4x720P@30fps simultaneous encoding
  • Audio Encoding/Decoding
    • MPEG-1,MPEG-2(L1/L2/L3), MP3, AAC-LC, HE AAC V1/V2, APE, FLAC, OGG, AMR-NB, AMR-WB,G.711(u/a) decoding
      • G.711(u/a), AMR-NB, AMR-WB, AAC-LC encoding
      • Karaoke sound effects, supports automatic gain control, voice enhancement and echo/reverberation.
      • 3~5m far field sound acquisition, supports speech enhancement, acoustic echo cancellation and direction of speaker estimation.
      • Dolby Digital/Dolby Digital Plus decoding (option)
      • Dolby DMA2.0 audio effect (option)
      • DTS-HD decoding(option)
      • Dolby Digital/DTS transparent transmission
  • TS Demultiplexing/PVR
    • 4x TS inputs supporting 32 PID each
    • DVB-CSA/AES/DES descrambling
    • PVR,recording of scrambled and non-scrambled streams
  • Security/ DRM
    • Full Disk Encryption(FDE) with support for AES-ECB/CBC
    • 4K bits Efuse (OTP)
    • Protection for JTAG and other debugging port
    • HDCP 2.2/1.4 protection for HDMI outputs
    • Trusted execution environment(TEE)
    • Digital rights management(DRM)
    • Mainstream advanced CA
    • Secure boot, Secure Storage, Secure upgrade
  • Display Processing ((Smartcolor 3.0 DE Engine)
    • HDR10 and HLG HDR processing
    • HDR conversion between SDR
    • Dual independent display support
    • 16 layers, video and UI input layers to overlay
    • 3D video processing and display
  • Audio/Video Interfaces
    • Video Output
      • 1x HDMI 2.0a TX with HDCP 2.2 output
      • 1x CVBS interface , supports PAL/NTSC mode
      • 1x RGB interface up to1920x1080
    • Video Input – CSI camera (DVP)
    • Audio Interfaces
      • Analog audio input/output
      • Digital MIC interface
      • 2x I2S supporting 7.1 channel
      • S/PDIF audio interface
  • Other Interfaces
    • USB – 1x USB 3.0 host port, 1x USB2.0 OTG port, 1x USB 2.0 host port
    • 1x PCIe 2.0 interface
    • 1x SDIO 3.0
    • Ethernet – 1x 10/100 Mbps Ethernet with PHY, 1x Gigabit Ethernet MAC
    • 5x UART, 5x TWI/I2C, GPIOs
    • 2x ISO7816 Smart Card interfaces
    • IR receiver and keypad control interface

Rockchip RK3399 : Orange Pi 4

Orange Pi 4 specifications

CPU Rockchip RK3399 (28nm HKMG process)
6-core ARM® 64-bit processor ,main frequency speeds up to 2.0GHz
Based on the large and small size core architecture of big.LITTLE:
Dual-core Cortex-A72 (large core) + Quad-core Cortex-A53 (small core)
GPU Mali-T864 GPU
Supports OpenGL ES1.1/2.0/3.0/3.1,
OpenVG1.1,OpenCL, DX11, support for AFBC
Memory+Onboard Storage Dual 4GB LPDDR4 + 16GB EMMC Flash
Dual 4GB LPDDR4 +EMMC Flash(Default Empty)


AP6256, IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac


Network 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet

Realtek RTL8211E

Audio Output: 3.5mm Jack and HDMI2.0a
Input: MIC
Video Outputs 1x HDMI 2.0 ( Type-A ), Supports 4K@60fps output
1x DP 1.2 (Display Port) , Supports 4K@60fps output
Supports Dual MIPI-DSI (4 lines per channel)
Camera 2x MIPI-CSI Camera connector (MIPI_RX0、MIPI_TX1/RX1)
USB 2x USB2.0

1x USB3.0 HOST

1x USB3.0 Type-C

RTC Support RTC, on-board battery backup interface
Debug UART 3 pins Debug UART
GPIO GPIO1 40 pins (1 x I2S, 2xI2C, 1x SPI/UART, 8x GPIO)
GPIO2 24pin PCIE port
Key Upgrade Key & Reset Key
Power Source DC 5V/3A TYPE-C 5V/3A
LED Power led & Status led
OS Support Android 8.1, Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 18.04, Debian 9
Dimension 91mm*55.7mm

rockchip rk3399 orange pi 4

Rack RK3399 SoC specifications

  • CPU
    • Dual-core ARM Cortex-A72 MPCore processor and Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 MPCore processor, both are high-performance, low-power and cached application processor.
    • 1MB unified L2 Cache for Big cluster, 512KB unified L2 Cache for Little cluster
    • Trustzone technology support
  • GPU
    • ARM Mali-T860MP4 GPU, support OpenGL ES1.1/2.0/3.0, OpenCL1.2, DirectX11.1 etc
    • Embedded 4 shader cores with shared hierarchical tiler
  • Memory
    • Dynamic Memory Interface (DDR3/DDR3L/LPDDR3/LPDDR4):  Compatible with JEDEC standard DDR3-1866 /DDR3L-1866 /LPDDR3-1866 /LPDDR4 SDRAM. Support 2 channels, each channel is 16 or 32bits data width. Support up to 2 ranks (chip selects) for each channel; totally 4GB(max) address space. Maximum address space of one rank in a channel is also 4GB, which is software-configurable
    • eMMC Interface: fully compliant with JEDEC eMMC 5.1and eMMC 5.0 specification. Supports HS400, HS200, DDR50 and legacy operating modes.
    • SD/MMC Interface: There are 2 MMC interfaces which can be configured as SD/MMC or SDIO. Compatible with SD3.0, MMC ver4.51
  • System Component
    • Timer: 14 on-chip 64bits Timers in SoC with interrupt-based operation for non-secure application. 12 on-chip 64bits Timers in SoC with interrupt-based operation for secure application
    • PWM: Four on-chip PWMs with interrupt-based operation
    • WatchDog: Three Watchdogs in SoC with 32 bits counter width
  • Video
    • Real-time video decoder of MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4,H.263, H.264, H.265, VC-1, VP9, VP8, MVC
    • H.264 10bit up to HP level 5.1 : 2160p@60fps (4096×2304)
    • VP9 : 2160p@60fps(4096×2304)
    • H.265/HEVC 10bit: 2160p@60fps(4096×2304)
    • MPEG-4 up to ASP level 5 : 1080p@60fps (1920×1088)
    • MPEG-2 up to MP: 1080p@60fps (1920×1088)
    • MPEG-1 up to MP: 1080p@60fps (1920×1088)
    • H.263: 576p@60fps (720×576)
    • VC-1 up to AP level 3: 1080p@30fps (1920×1088)
    • VP8: 1080p@60fps (1920×1088)
    • MVC: 1080p@60fps (1920×1088)
    • Support video encoder for H.264, MVC and VP8
  • Display
    • Embedded two VOP, output from the following display interface: One or Two MIPI-DSI port, One eDP port, One DP port, One HDMI port
    • Support AFBC function co-operation with GPU
    • HDMI interface: Single Physical Layer PHY with support for HDMI 1.4 and 2.0 operation. Support HDCP 1.4/2.2
    • MIPI interface: Embedded 3 MIPI PHY, MIPI0 only for DSI, MIPI1 for DSI or CSI, MIPI2 only for CSI. Each port has 4 data lane, providing up to 6.0 Gbps data rate
    • eDP interface: Compliant with eDPTM Specification, version 1.3. Up to 4 physical lanes of 2.7/1.62 Gbps/lane
    • DisplayPort interface: Compliant with DisplayPort Specification, version 1.2. Compliant with HDCP2.2 (and back compatible with HDCP1.3). There is only one DisplayPort controller built-in RK3399 which is shared by 2 Type-C.
  • Camera Interface and Image Processor
    • One or two MIPI-CSI input interface
    • two ISP (Image Sensor Processor) embed
    • Maximum input resolution of one ISP is 13M pixels
  • TYPE-C
    • Embedded 2 Type-C PHY
    • Compliant with USB Type-C Specification, revision 1.1
    • Compliant with USB Power Delivery Specification, revision 2.0
    • Plug orientation/cable twist detection
    • Support USB3.0 Type-C and DisplayPort 1.2 Alt Mode on USB Type-C. Two PMA TX-only lanes and two PMA half-duplex TX/RX lanes (can be configured as TX-only or RX-only)
    • Up to 5Gbps data rate for USB3.0
    • Up to 5.4Gbps(HBR2) data rate for DP1.2, can support 1/2/4 lane mode
  • Audio
    • I2S/PCM: Three I2S/PCM in SoC. I2S0/I2S2 support up to 8 channels TX and 8 channels RX. I2S1 supports up to 2 channels TX and 2 channels RX. I2S2 is connected to HDMI and DisplayPort internally. I2S0 and I2S1 are exposed for peripherals
    • SPDIF: Support two 16-bit audio data store together in one 32-bit wide location. Support biphase format stereo audio data output. Support 16 to 31 bit audio data left or right justified in 32-bit wide sample data buffer. Support 16, 20, 24 bits audio data transfer in linear PCM mode
  • Connectivity
    • SDIO interface: Compatible with SDIO 3.0 protocol
    • GMAC 10/100/1000M Ethernet Controller: Supports 10/100/1000-Mbps data transfer rates with the RGMII interfaces. Supports 10/100-Mbps data transfer rates with the RMII interfaces
    • SPI Controller: 6 on-chip SPI controller inside
    • UART Controller: 5 on-chip uart controller inside
    • I2C controller: 9 on-chip I2C controller inside
    • USB Host2.0: Embedded 2 USB 2.0 Host interfaces.
    • USB OTG3.0: Embedded 2 USB OTG3.0 interfaces.
    • PCIe: One PCIe port Compatible with PCI Express Base Specification Revision 2.1
  • Other
    • Temperature Sensor(TS-ADC): Embedded 2 channel TS-ADC
    • SAR-ADC (Successive Approximation Register): 6-channel single-ended 10-bit SAR analog-to-digital converter. Conversion speed range is up to 1MS/s sampling rate
    • eFuse: Two 1024bits(32×32) high-density electrical Fuse are integrated

2MP Camera. Standard, night vision, fish eye

2MP MPI Camera only compatible with OrangePi development board.

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